Brake pads are the part of a vehicle�s brake system that actually does all the stopping. The brake pads squeeze the brake rotor to slow the car down. Brake pads are designed to wear down over time, and the sooner you replace them, the safer your car will be.
Brake rotors are the shiny metal discs you can see through the spokes of a vehicle�s wheels. Brake rotors spin with the wheels, and the brake pads clamp onto them to stop the vehicle.
Also known as rotors, Brake discs are the shiny metal discs that can be seen through the spokes of a vehicle�s wheels. Brake discs spin with the wheels and brake pads clamp onto them to stop the vehicle.
Brake fluid is hydraulic fluid that transfers the power of your foot pressing the brake pedal to the brake caliper. You should make sure your brake fluid is at the proper level before driving your car
The brake caliper is the muscle behind the brake system. When you push the brake pedal, the caliper is the part that squeezes the brake pads onto the rotor.
Most modern cars are equipped with power assisted brakes that amplify the power of your foot on the brake pedal. The power brake system allows a driver to apply enough brake power to stop without a ton of effort.
ABS, or antilock braking system, is a system that allows a vehicle to stop safely when the road conditions are bad. ABS will quickly engage and disengage the brakes when it detects slipping, which helps the car stop faster and more safely.
Brake fade occurs when the brake pads on a vehicle overheat from intense use. Brake fade will result in decreased stopping power while the pads are overheated, as soon as the brakes cool down, the stopping power will return. Every brake pad has a range of temperatures that it is effective in, so some pads that reduce fade at higher temperatures won�t work at very low temperatures. Because of this, racing brake pads aren�t advisable on street cars in colder climates.
Brake Caliper Carrier:
The brake caliper carrier holds both the brake pads and the caliper. A brake caliper carrier sits directly on the rotor and keeps the caliper lined up with the pads.
When Brake pads contact the brake rotor, a tiny bit of the pad is worn down, and turned into dust. Brake dust is the reason the front wheels of cars and trucks get much dirtier than rear wheels. Because the front brakes do much more stopping than the rear brakes do, more dust is created. With semi-metallic pads, brake dust is typically black and will stick to wheels. Ceramic brakes usually create lighter colored dust that is less likely to stick to wheels.
The brake lines hold brake fluid and run from the engine compartment where the Brake master cylinder is to the calipers. Brake lines should be checked often for any signs of wear, and should be replaced if any are found.
Brake Pad Wear Sensor:
Many new cars are equipped with brake pad wear sensors, which will alert the driver when brake pads have worn down. Brake pad wear sensors will often trigger a light in the gauge cluster, which will disappear after the brake pads have been replaced.